Culture and HistoryWith a long history, traditional Chinese medicine is based on the experiences of Chinese people in their daily life, farming work and combat against diseases. It has a unique theoretical framework with rich content, and thus has become a significant part of Chinese cultural heritage.
Imperial CourtEmperors, in order to keep the imperial families and themselves in good health and live a long life, and to protect the nation from epidemics, usually selected experienced practitioners with excellent medical skills from every where in the country, to serve the imperial families.Meanwhile,top-quality substances were critically chosen from all parts of the country and sent to capital to serve them.Gradually as more and more excellent practitioners gathered together in the capital,the Imperial Medicine Institution was set up.Generally speaking,it had three kinds of responsibilities:① Offering medical service and medical care to the emperor and his family members,his surroundings and high-rank officials ② Training medical staff and managing practitioners ③ Issuing government orders to prevent outbreaks of epidemics Since the imperial physicians were elites selected from the whole country,imperial court medicine always played a leading role in the development of medicine,and represented the highest medical quality in that period.
Chinese Materia MedicaChinese materia medica has a long history. In the primitve society, people, while seeking food, inevitably took some poisonous food causing toxic reactions such as vomiting, coma or even death. But some could cure diseases, or alleviate disorders.
Medical CareTraditional Chinese medicine considers man and nature as an interrelated unity. Man, as a part of nature, relies on nature which supplies essential conditions such as sunshine, air, water for his or her survival. That is correspondence between man and universe.
Health and LifeHealth preservation or care is a traditional Chinese practice designed to cultivate health through concentrating on aspects of wellness rather than diseases. This is one of the defining features of the practice, as it is in contradiction to what is generally thought of medical practice. Health preservation is a way of life for all people, rather than a system that is resorted to only in times of medical need and then abandoned. The methods for health preservation include delaying aging, using acupuncture and moxibustion, taking tonics and healthy food , doing exercise and so on.
AcupunctureWhile we take a look at the history of acupuncture, we may have a clear understanding of its theoretical formation and development, which would guide us to the prospect of the further development and application of acupuncture.
QigongQigong, is a unique Chinese exercise system which focuses on cultivating qi. In acient China, it was called"Daoyin", "Anqiao", "Tuina", etc. Qigong is a kind of self-healing method through cultivation of one's posture, breathing and mind.
TuinaMassage or tuina was first seen in the Ming Dynasty, yet it is an ancient healing art, oriainated from self protection. It is applied by healers to the patient with multiple manipulations with force.
Cosmetic TreatmentSeveral cosmetic treatments have, over centuries, been guided by the fundamental theory of traditional Chinese medicine, thus providing rich experience in combining beautification with natural herbs and dietary foods, as well as acupuncture and massage manipulation.
EducationTraditional Chinese medical education has a history going back thousands of years.It has been effectively transmitting the culture of traditional Chinese medicine and Chinese civilization to a degree rarely seen in the medical history of world.
Science & TechnologyThe formation of the traditional Chinese medical system went though a long history. Traditional Chinese medicine has played a significant role in prevention and treatment of disease and preservation of health. From early 20th century scientific researches on medicinal herbs and traditional Chinese medicine have been carried out in Beijing.
International ExchangeStarting from opening of the Silk Road,Jianzhen's going to Japan,Zheng He's voyages to the Weaterm Ocean and the missionaries coming to China,traditional Chinese medicine was introduced to other countries,while Westrem medicine was gradually disseminated in China,Currently,international exchanges of traditional Chinese medicine between China and other countries are increasing.Conferences on traditional Chinese medicine in different countries,foreign language publications and establishment of organizations of traditional Chinese medicine allow the world to get closer to traditional Chinese medicine.
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